Even as oil and gaso­line prices rise, indus­try exec­u­tives are resist­ing their usu­al impulse to pump more oil out of the ground, which could keep ener­gy prices mov­ing up as the econ­o­my recovers.

The oil indus­try is pre­dictably cycli­cal: When oil prices climb, pro­duc­ers race to drill — until the world is swim­ming in petro­le­um and prices fall. Then, ener­gy com­pa­nies that overex­tend­ed them­selves tum­ble into bankruptcy.

That wash-rinse-repeat cycle has played out repeat­ed­ly over the last cen­tu­ry, three times in the last 14 years alone. But, at least for the moment, oil and gas com­pa­nies are not fol­low­ing those old stage directions.

An accel­er­at­ing roll­out of vac­cines in the Unit­ed States is expect­ed to tur­bocharge the Amer­i­can econ­o­my this spring and sum­mer, encour­ag­ing peo­ple to trav­el, shop and com­mute. In addi­tion, Pres­i­dent Biden’s pan­dem­ic relief pack­age will put more mon­ey in the pock­ets of con­sumers, espe­cial­ly those who are still out of work.